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Javascript getElementById() Essentials: Boost Your JS Skills!

November 14, 2023
Javascript getElementById() Essentials: Boost Your JS Skills!
Table of Contents
  • What is getElementById()?
  • Using getElementById()
  • Manipulating Elements with getElementById()
  • What is an Element in JavaScript?
  • What is innerHTML?
  • Browser Compatibility

In JavaScript, selecting an element by its ID is a common task. This is done using the getElementById() method.

1var element = document.getElementById("myId");

This method returns the first element with the specified ID. If no elements with that ID exist, it returns null.

What is getElementById()?

The getElementById() method is part of the Document Object Model (DOM), which represents the structure of HTML and XML documents. It allows you to access and manipulate elements in a webpage.

Using getElementById()

To use getElementById(), you need an element with an ID:

1<div id="myId">Hello, World!</div>

Then, you can select this element in JavaScript:

1var element = document.getElementById("myId");

Manipulating Elements with getElementById()

Once you've selected an element, you can manipulate it. For instance, you might change its text using the innerHTML property:

1element.innerHTML = "Hello, Universe!";

This will change the text inside the div to "Hello, Universe!".

What is an Element in JavaScript?

In JavaScript, an element refers to an individual component of the DOM. It can be a div, an img, a span, or any other HTML tag.

What is innerHTML?

The innerHTML property in JavaScript allows you to get or set the HTML content of an element. When used with getElementById(), it lets you manipulate specific elements on your page.

1element.innerHTML = "<b>Hello, Universe!</b>";

This will change the text inside the div to "Hello, Universe!", and make it bold.

Browser Compatibility

The getElementById() method is supported in all modern browsers, and IE5.5 and up. If you found this post useful, you might also like our Learn JavaScript course.

For more information about getElementById(), check out the MDN Web Docs. For a deeper understanding of the DOM, I recommend reading this article on DigitalOcean.

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